When weaving, at least two thread systems are interlaced at right angles to each other – the threads running lengthwise are called the warp and the threads which intersect the warp transversely are the woof or the filling threads. The warp thus forms the support framework, into which the filling threads are inserted, crossing over and under the entire width of the warp from one side of the material to the other. This process is called weaving. Weaving is recognized as one of the most ancient techniques for manufacturing textile fabrics known to Man.
A fabric is a sheet of textile material, usually manufactured by machine from at least two thread systems which are interlaced with each other at right angles. The threads thus form a compact, closed, dimensionally stable fabric. Well-known examples of fabrics include cloths, carpets and jackets. Well-known examples of fabrics include cloths, carpets and jackets.
3D weaving machines from DORNIER are used to manufacture complex textiles with multilayer structures. In 3D weaving, an enormous number of warp threads are fed into a highly flexible Jacquard weaving machine from a creel. This makes it possible to create a wide range of products such as turbine blades, sports equipment and medical technology.
A film is a material of variable thickness made from melted plastic granules and stretched into shape by rolling and heating processes. The molecules of the film are aligned at 0 and 90 degrees in much the same way as the perpendicularly interlaced threads in the weaving process. Film stretching systems by DORNIER are used to produce films for smartphones, tablets, the food industry, PET bottles and many other applications.